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  • Sapanca Lake is fresh-water lake situated to the east of the Marmara Regions on the eastern side of the great basin that connects Adapazarı Plain to İzmit Bay. The shores of the lake lie within the borders of Sakarya in the east and in the province of Kocaeli in the west. Its water basin covers 252 km2 and its area corresponds to 47 km2. It is 17 km long from the east to the west and its width from the north to the south is 5 kilometers wide. Its height from sea level is 31 meters and the deepest point is 61 meters deep. The lake was named after the district established on its southern shore. It is name was mentioned as Ayan Lake in old Turkish records. The lake which is fed particularly by floods running down the mountains situated to the south pours its overflow into Sakarya river through the Çark stream at its eastern end. The streams feeding the lake are Karaçay, Kuruçay, Kurtköy, Mahmudiye, İstanbul, Karadere and Kaymakçı streams. Woodcocks, partridges and rabbits can be hunted in the mountainsides to its north and south. All types of fresh water fish can be found in the lake. Evliya Çelebi tells of Sapanca: “The area of Sapanca Lake is 24 miles. There are seventy six villages surrounding it. People drinking the water of this estuary have red cheeks and they are healthy.” The E-5 highway passes through the north of the lake and TEM highway and the railway pass through the south of the lake. There are highly astounding natural beauties surrounding Sapanca Lake and it is located in a central place which can be reached by densely populated settlements. Arifiye Forest which is located in the heights surrounding Sapanca Lake offers beautiful camping and picnic areas. Sapanca Lake where international and national surfing, sailing and rowing contests take place attracts many visitors with these sportive organizations.

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