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  • Çoban Mustafa Külliye was built by Architect Sinan and Architect Acem Ali in 1523 upon the order of Mustafa Pasha, a vizier to both Yavuz Sultan Selim and Sultan Süleyman the Law Giver. The complex was a külliye which was made of a mosque, an inn, dervish lodges, pasha lodges, soup kitchen, madrasah, library, bathhouse and a shrine. When Mustafa was assigned to Egypt as a vizier, the construction of the külliye was in progress. The Pasha was influenced by ornamentations in Egypt and he had the portable pieces, which were later carried over to the construction in Gebze through Dar›ca Dock, built by craftsmen in Egypt. The külliye, which was planned as a square complex, is covered with 24-meters-high dome supported by four pillars. The walls were reinforced with face stones and massive blocks of bricks on a stone ground. Also, the mosque is surrounded by very thick walls which are 2,3 meters high. The complex has four entrance gates each of which is located on one of the four outer walls. The pulpit and walls were ornamented with kufic calligraphy and the color arrangement was ensured through the use of excellent Turkish glazed tiling. Çoban Mustafa Pasha Külliye was the second greatest work of the period of Sultan Süleyman the Law Giver following Sultan Süleyman Mosque.

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