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  • In the 14th century, during the Orhan Ghazi period, it was built as a mosque by Prince Ghazi Süleyman Pasha. The construction date of the mosque, which is located in the middle of the inland tower at the highest section of İzmit, is not precisely known, however, it is thought that it was built between the years 1332 and 1333. The building which has a rectangular plan, stone and brick walls, an external wood roof and a small interior dome was restored during the period of Sultan Abdülmecit. The decorations on the small interior dome, the bearings and moldings exhibit ampere style features of Abdülmecit period. It has survived up to today as the earliest dated mosque of İzmit.

    Orhan Gazi’s son Süleyman Pasha was one of the most important heroes of Turkish history who also participated in the conquest of İzmit. Süleyman Pasha has also participated in the conquest acts in Anatolia and Rumelia also handled the improvement of İzmit which was granted to him as vassalage. Orhan Ghazi Mosque was opened to religious services after these improvements. On Fridays, the imam shows up during the sermon with a sword in his hand. This tradition has been going on for about 120 years as a response to the external pressure and separatist movements which have been increasing since the period of İttihat Terakki (the Committee of Union and Progress). However, İzmit was not conquered after a battle of swords as it surrendered as a result of the treaty signed during the siege. Although the tradition of sermon with a sword in the hand of the imam was an old one practiced in the center of conquered cities in the past, it was never practiced in ‹zmit until the period of İttihat Terakki.

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