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  • The Carthaginian King Hannibal who achieved superior success against the Roman Empire crossed the Pyrenees with his elephants and invaded Italy. Then he besieged Rome but had to return to his land as Carthage was also besieged. He was defeated and he had to escape from Carthage. He sought asylum from Prussias, King of Bythinia, and he committed suicide in Libyssa (Dar›ca). Famous historians of the antique era like Plutarkhos and Pausanias reached an agreement that Hannibal was buried in Gebze. The first time the idea of building a mausoleum here where Hannibal was thought to have been buried was discussed was in 1934 upon the order of Atatürk and this order was realized by the Ministry of Culture in 1981. The mausoleum of the famous Carthaginian commander Hannibal constitutes of a mask on a stone block along with a stone sarcophagus that weighs 24 tons and is situated in the middle of the field surrounded in a circle of cypress trees to the southeast of Gebze. This epigraph which also contains the autobiography of the famous commander was written in Turkish, English, French, German and Italian.

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